Rubicon Ships 400,000th Large Diameter Sapphire Wafer

Two-inch, Four-inch and Six-inch Sapphire Wafers

Today, Rubicon Technology, Inc. (NASDAQ:RBCN) announced that they shipped their 400,000th six-inch large sapphire wafer to the LED manufacturing and SoS/RFIC markets. Most of the world’s LED manufacturing takes place using sapphire – just as computer chip makers like Intel and AMD use silicon to make their microprocessors.

The most flashy, if you’ll pardon the pun, market for sapphire wafers is in LEDs, which are used for energy-efficient general lighting and as the source for backlighting in consumer products such as HDTVs, laptops, smart phones and tablets.  A second and significantly growing market for sapphire is its use in Silicon-on-Sapphire (SoS) Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits (RFICs).  SoS RFIC chips deliver high RF performance with low power consumption, a small form factor, and significantly reduced crosstalk in antenna applications that are pervasive in smart phones and other consumer devices.

Why large diameter wafers? Rubicon began developing large diameter sapphire wafers for SoS RFICs in the 2000s.  But the company soon tapped into the larger opportunity in the LED market, especially with LED-based general lighting. And, it’s all about the math.

The market has been dominated by two-inch wafers for years. The surface area of a six-inch wafer is nine times greater than that of a two-inch wafer, and its outer curvature is less, enabling greater use of the surface area, culminating in a reduction in edge loss.  In addition, use of larger wafers enables operational savings that offset the cost of the larger, thicker substrate and can help drive down the total cost of LEDs.  According to Rubicon, and depending on the type of MOCVD reactor used, LED chip manufacturers using six-inch wafer platforms may achieve up to 48% greater usable area per reactor run compared with two-inch wafers.

What does that mean? Larger diameter wafers will help LED manufacturers reduce costs throughout the manufacturing process in order to make LED-based lighting more affordable for consumers and encourage adoption worldwide.

Further Reading

Rubicon Technology, Rubicon Technology Ships 400,000th Large Diameter Sapphire Wafer; Company Continues Market Leadership Supplying Large Diameter Sapphire Wafers to LED and SoS/RFIC Markets, http://bit.ly/1117AIk

This entry was posted in LED, LED Chip, LED light bulb, LED lighting, RFIC, sapphire, sapphire substrate, sapphire wafer, Silicon on Sapphire, Solid State Lighting, SoS, SSL and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , by Beth. Bookmark the permalink.

About Beth

It seems like LEDs are in everything these days – backlighting everything from your mobile phone, Apple iPad and flat screen HDTV to traffic lights, light bulbs and even the kitchen sink. But, making LEDs is a complex process that begins with the creation of sapphire. Not the pretty blue gemstone, but large commercial crystals that can weigh as much as 400 lbs. Once these large sapphire crystals are grown into boules and cooled, they’re cut into cores, cut further into flat circular wafers, polished and then used to grow LEDs. About 85 percent of HB-LEDs (high brightness) are grown on sapphire. There’s not that much information out there about the process. This blog is meant to shed some light (excuse the pun) on sapphire, LEDs and the industry that is devoted to making our lives just a little brighter. In the months ahead, we’ll tackle some topics that will help you understand a little more about sapphire and LED industry. Here’s a sample of what we’ll cover in the coming months: • Growing sapphire • For a wafer, size matters • Quality - When sapphire wafers go bad • LED light bulbs • Market & myths • Interviews with industry shining stars • Reports from industry events • Current events in perspective Please join us each week to learn more about sapphire and the LED market. We look forward to seeing you.

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